DEHYDRATION AFFECTS YOUR MIND & BODY
WHAT IS DEHYDRATION?
It is the alteration or lack of water and mineral salts in the plasma of a body, it can also be defined as the loss of body water above 3%. It can be caused by being in a very hot situation (especially if there is a lot of humidity), intense exercise, lack of something to drink or a combination of these factors. It also occurs in those diseases where the electrolyte balance is altered.
This is something that can happen to anyone but is especially dangerous when it involves children and older adults. In children, the most frequent causes of dehydration are diarrhea and severe vomiting.
When it comes to older adults, they usually experience dehydration as a result of certain diseases and medications, not forgetting that their bodies lack the ability to retain as much water as younger people. At this stage of their lives, minor illnesses, such as infections in the lungs or bladder, can lead to dehydration.
SYMPTOMS OF DEHYDRATION
Symptoms of dehydration can include headaches (similar to those experienced during a hangover), a sudden episode of visual snow, decreased blood pressure, dizziness and fainting while standing due to orthostatic hypotension. In a situation where the individual does not get early treatment, delusions, unconsciousness and, in extreme cases, death may occur.
- Intense thirst
- Flaky or dry skin
- Abdominal , spinal, headache or extremity pain
- Slow movements of the body
- Unnecessary fatigue
DEGREES OF DEHYDRATION
- In moderate dehydration, urine may not be produced. Other symptoms of this state include lethargy and drowsiness, attacks; in babies there is a collapse of the fontanels, fading and sunken eyes.
- The symptoms become increasingly severe with greater loss of water. The heart rate and respiratory rate begin to increase to compensate for the decrease in blood plasma volume and blood pressure. In turn, the body temperature may increase due to a decrease in sweating. When losing around 5 or 6 percent of water, the individual is drowsy, may have headaches, nausea and tingling in some member. If 10 to 15 percent of the body's water is lost, the muscles become spastic, the skin dries and wrinkles, the vision becomes cloudy, the volume of urine is greatly reduced and urination can be painful, and the individual starts to rave. More than 15 percent loss is usually fatal. Sometimes the appearance of all these events may take more than a day.
- Death by dehydration can occur within 3 to 5 days.
RISK FACTORS OF DEHYDRATION
However, certain people are at greater risk:
- Babies and children: They are the most likely to experience severe diarrhea and vomiting and to be vulnerable to dehydration. They can also lose a large part of their fluids due to high fevers and burns.
- Older adults: When aging, the reserve of body fluids becomes lower. The ability to conserve water is reduced and the sensation of thirst is less acute. These manifestations are often due to chronic diseases such as diabetes and dementia and the use of certain medications.
- People with chronic diseases: Having uncontrolled or untreated diabetes puts a person at great risk of dehydration. Kidney disease also increases risk, as do drugs that increase urine. Even a cold or sore throat makes a person more susceptible to dehydration, because it can hurt when swallowing.
- People who work or exercise outside the home: When the weather is hot and humid, the risk of dehydration and heat stroke increases. When the air is humid, sweat can not evaporate and cool a person fast as normally happens. This leads to an increase in body temperature and the need for more fluids.
HEALTH COMPLICATIONS OF DEHYDRATION
KIDNEY & URINARY PROBLEMS
Dehydration stimulates the accumulation of toxins and acid and generates an environment conducive to the growth of bacteria. The areas affected by the bacteria can cause problems in the bladder and kidneys, and increase the risk of infection and inflammation in those areas.
Prolonged episodes of dehydration can cause urinary tract infections, kidney stones and even kidney failure.
SHOCK DUE TO LOW BLOOD VOLUME (HYPOVOLEMIC SHOCK)
If you wake up tired after having slept well at night, or feel the need to nap in the middle of the day, you may not have drunk enough water to keep your body functioning.
Water is a vital energy resource that maintains the rhythm of enzymatic activity and accelerated metabolism.
SKIN PROBLEMS / QUICK AGING
JOINT PAINT & STIFFNESS
HOW TO PREVENT DEHYDRATION
This may involve drinking between 6 and 8 glasses (between 1.5 and 2 liters) daily for some people, depending on how much water they get through food and how much they sweat as a result of the physical activity they perform. You have to remember that drinking water does not add calories to your diet and is definitely very good for your health.
To help you remember to stay hydrated, you can always purchase our popular Daily 8 Water Bottle. Its has the perfect volume to keep you hydrated. The bottle is equivalent to the doctor's recommend 8 glasses of water you are suppose to drink every day.
Our bottle is made out of high-quality, reusable BPA Free plastic and is dishwasher safe. Our bottle also comes with a convenient handle and comes with two (2) types of caps.
If you are going to practice a sport or participate in strenuous physical activity, you will need to hydrate well before starting the activity. Also, drink at regular intervals (every 20 minutes, approximately) during the activity and at the end of it. The best time to train or play sports is in the early morning or late afternoon to avoid the hottest hours of the day.